SEXUAL ASSAULT: Any type of sexual contact that is non-consensual, forced or coerced, or when the victim is incapable of giving consent because of her/his temporary or permanent mental or physical incapacity or because of her/his youth.
RAPE: Non-consensual, forced, or coerced sexual penetration against the will of the victim or when the victim is incapable of giving consent because of her/his temporary or permanent mental or physical incapacity, or because of her/his youth.
COERCION: The use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance. The force or the power or ability to use force in gaining compliance.
CONSENT: To agree or willingly engage in an activity. To give permission or approval. Consent must be clear and cannot be inferred. Consent can be withdrawn at any time. The following are examples of situations that do not imply consent:
- The absence of “no” or “stop”
- The absence of resistance
- The existence of a prior or current relationship
- Previous sexual activity
- 1 in 3 women and 1 in 6 men will experience some form of sexual assault before reaching the age of 18.
- Women with disabilities are twice as likely to experience a sexual assault than are able-bodied women.
- Women of color experience a higher rate of sexual assault than white women.
- The number one place where people experience sexual violence is in their own home.
In Michigan the legal term used for “sexual assault” or “rape” is Criminal Sexual Conduct (CSC). The CSC law covers marital partners, children and same-sex sexual assault. There are four degrees of criminal sexual conduct – the first three are felonies and the fourth is a misdemeanor.
If you feel like you have experienced sexual violence and need support and/or resources, please contact our program—we can help.